To me, the word “design” implies “creation” or “production”, and is closely related to words such as art, creativity, visual appeal, high-quality, and logical. As for the term “instructional design”, I picture an instructional plan that was approached with the same ideas in mind (that is, art, creativity, visual appeal, high-quality, and logical.) Finally, adding the word “systematic” in front of “instructional design” implies that there is a certain order in the way that all the parts are connected with each other; i.e., there are certain rules that are shared by the professionals in the field (instructional designers.)
2. Share your own experiences to illustrate your point(s) above. When you share your experiences, be sure to describe the process you use to design or create learning experiences for others. It does not need to be in formal learning environments such as schools or professional development courses.
To illustrate the points above, I am reflecting on my own experience in designing the courses I teach (I teach international college level students studying English as a Second Language.) Also, I am reflecting on my daily lesson planning. I strongly believe in visual clarity and appeal of the information – to benefit my visual learners. Furthermore, I design my instructions using Bigg’s 3P Model of teaching and learning, keeping in mind such stages of instruction as Presage, Process, and Product (Arenas, 2009.) I ensure to assess the students’ needs, establish learning goals and objectives based on the assessment, design learning activities to provide sufficient practice (including chunking and scaffolding), and then evaluate the students’ products to check if the learning goals were met. Finally, I try to reflect on my understanding of various learning theories when designing my daily lesson plans.
3. In your opinion, how does Instructional Design relate to Educational Technology?
In my opinion (and experience), technology is the reality of our times; therefore, I cannot imagine a day without using technology of some sort. Granted, I do not mean using technology for the sake of using it; rather, I believe that technology is a powerful tool that can take education on another level – save time, reach out to those who otherwise would not be able to receive/afford education, engage and empower various types of learners, connect with people from other cultures, and much more. In other words, ID, to me, is clearly related to education as it is an important part of it!
4. The target audience will be international college level students studying English as a Second Language. After 4 hours of instruction, students will be able to produce a 3-4 minute digital story using Audacity and iMovie.
The target audience will be a group of ESL instructors at BSU. After 4 hours of instruction, they will be able to successfully teach their students how to produce a 3-4 minute digital story using Audacity and iMovie.
Arenas, E. (December 01, 2009). How Teachers' Attitudes Affect Their Approaches to Teaching International Students. Higher Education Research and Development, 28, 6, 615-628.