To sum up, the term “literacy” has been associated with “education, knowledge, science, development, modern world, an elite group of scholars, and limited to the members of the upper class… “
Historically, knowing how to read and write could guarantee a job and recognition. But what about the 21 century?
According to Roblyer and Doering (2012), “reading, writing, and critically analyzing written communications” are still “fundamental” skills for a literate person. The authors believe, however, that the definition of the term “literacy” has changed dramatically, and that the “new technologies” available in the 21 century resulted in the need for “new literacies”, i.e., digital literacy and information literacy (266-267.)
Information Literacy. As defined by Roblyer and Doering, Information literacy is 1) “a set of abilities requiring individuals to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information” and 2) “a required set of skills to do background research projects or reports” (268.)
New Literacies and Relative Advantage of Technology Use in Teaching English and Language Art. Roblyer and Doering (2012) inform that, since English and Language Art teachers are the ones mostly responsible for teaching students to make meaning from text, these teachers have to also constantly reevaluate their teaching skills. Particularly, they should be skilled in incorporating vlogs and digital video production into their teaching in order for their students to develop crucial communication and critical thinking skills (268.) Finally, the authors firmly believe that English and language arts teachers can add “yet another literacy responsibility ” to their instructional load (269.)
To conclude, the relative advantage of integrating technology into various content areas, particularly into teaching English and language arts, is quite obvious; as students become proficient in both written texts and technologies, they develop the “new literacy” skills, so crucial for 21 century.
Roblyer, M. D., & Doering, A. H. (2012). Integrating educational technology into teaching (6th ed.). Allyn & Bacon.
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